Seismic network of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a volcano-tectonic earthquake with magnitude M 4
located beneath the south part of the Island of Hawai'i, in the district of Kaʻū at about 18:15 local time yesterday. ... read all
The effusive eruption of the volcano continues characterized by continuous feeding the growing lava lake. ... read all
Satellite photo of Kilauea volcano, showing the summit caldera and parts of its east rift zone with the active vent Pu'u 'O'o.
Three-dimesional view of Kilauea volcano based on satellite imagery.
Map of Kilauea volcano, Big Island Hawai'i
Shield volcano 1277 m (4,190 ft)
Hawai'i, 19.41°N / -155.29°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
Last update: 15 Jan 2021 (moderate earthquake in Kaʻū district; the effusive eruption of the volcano continues)
Kilauea is the youngest and most active Hawaiian shield volcano, located on the southern part of the Island of Hawai'i, known as Big Island. Hawai'i is the southernmost and largest of the island chain, which owes its existence to the very active Hawaiian hot spot.
Typical eruption style
Kilauea volcano is near-constantly erupting from vents either on its summit (caldera) or on the rift zones. At present, Kilauea volcano is still having one of the most long-lived eruptions known on earth, which started in 1983 on the eastern rift zone and has mainly been concentrated at the Pu'u 'O'o vent.
: Dominantly effusive since 1790, but ~60% explosive over past ~2500 years.
Kilauea volcano eruptions
: Near-continuous eruptions. Since 1960: 1961 (4x), 1962, 1963 (2x), 1965 (2x), 1967-68, 1968 (2x), 1969, 1969-74, 1971 (2x), 1973 (2x), 1974 (3x), 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1982 (2x), 1983-2018 (incl. 1986, 1992, 1997, 2007, 2011 (3x)), 2018 (lower east rift zone in Leilani subdivision), 2020 (Dec) - ongoing
Latest nearby earthquakes
|Time||Mag. / Depth||Distance||Location|
|Tue, 19 Jan 2021 (GMT)|
|18 Jan 2021 9:06 pm (GMT -10) (19 Jan 2021 07:06:00 GMT)|
3 km - More
|10.7 km||11 Km SSE of Volcano, Hawaii, USA|
|18 Jan 2021 8:57 pm (GMT -10) (19 Jan 2021 06:57:06 GMT)|
34 km - More
|30 km||3 Km ESE of Pāhala, Hawaii, USA|
|18 Jan 2021 8:14 pm (GMT -10) (19 Jan 2021 06:14:30 GMT)|
39 km - More
|36 km||12 Km SSE of Pāhala, Hawaii, USA|
|18 Jan 2021 8:12 pm (GMT -10) (19 Jan 2021 06:12:07 GMT)|
40 km - More
|39 km||9 Km S of Pāhala, Hawaii, USA|
|18 Jan 2021 8:04 pm (GMT -10) (19 Jan 2021 06:04:10 GMT)|
33 km - More
|32 km||North Pacific Ocean, 5.1 mi southeast of Pāhala, Hawaii County, USA|
Kilauea volcano, a youthful shield volcano, sitting on the south east flank of the massive Mauna Loa shield volcano, is the youngest volcano (on land) of the Hawaiian hot spot and not only the most active volcano of Hawaii but at the same time also the world's active volcano. It has been in near-constant activity since there is oral or written history and it is having an uninterrupted eruption since 1983 (at present at the Pu'u 'O'o vent on the East rift zone).
Its eruptions are prominent in Hawaiian Polynesian legends and written documentation about its activity go back to only 1820s when it started to attract interested visitor from all over the world and bacame one of volcanology's hot spots.
Kilauea has a large summit caldera with a central crater, Halemaumau, which is according to Hawaiian legends the home of the fire goddess Pele. Until 1924, it contained a lava lake. Kilauea has frequent summit and flank lava flow eruptions that are occurring along two elongated rift zones to the south-west and to the east, which extend to the sea on both sides of the volcano. The 3 x 5 km caldera was formed in several stages about 1500 years ago. About 90% of the surface of the basaltic shield volcano is formed of lava flows less than about 1100 years old; 70% of the volcano's surface is younger than 600 years. The long-term eruption from the East rift zone that began in 1983 has produced lava flows covering more than 100 sq km, destroying nearly 200 houses and adding new coastline to the island.
Lava lake inside Kilauea volcano's West Gap crater. The whole crust covering the lake has just been overturned, exposing the red hot glowing interior. hawaii_e7837 (Photo...
The first lava flows from Kilauea volcano (Hawai'?) to arrive in the coastal plain since March 2011 (5 Dec 2011) (Photo: Philip Ong)
Several effusive vents arranged in a row on top of a dyke, feeding lava flows into Puka Nui collapse pit at Pu'u 'O'o crater, Kilauea volcano. hawaii_e7579.jpg (Photo: To...
Fluid pahoehoe lava from Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i (Photo: LaurentLupini)
See also: Sentinel hub
| Landsat 8
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Definition of a volcano
: A volcano is the term for any place on the surface of the earth, where hot molten rock (magma) reaches the surface.
Igneous or magmatic rocks
: The most primitive rock type forms when magma (molten rock) solidifies - either inside the earth (plutonic rocks) or during volcanic eruptions (volcanic rocks). A short overview.