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Fri, 15 Jan 2021, 07:43
Distribution of the earthquakes (red frame) in Kaʻū district during the past month (image: HVO)
Seismic network of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a volcano-tectonic earthquake with magnitude M 4 located beneath the south part of the Island of Hawai'i, in the district of Kaʻū at about 18:15 local time yesterday. ... read all
Wed, 13 Jan 2021, 07:49
Lava fountains from western fissure vent at Kilauea volcano on 11 January (image: HVO)
The effusive eruption of the volcano continues characterized by continuous feeding the growing lava lake. ... read all
Satellite photo of Kilauea volcano, showing the summit caldera and parts of its east rift zone with the active vent Pu'u 'O'o.
Satellite photo of Kilauea volcano, showing the summit caldera and parts of its east rift zone with the active vent Pu'u 'O'o.

Three-dimesional view of Kilauea volcano based on satellite imagery.
Three-dimesional view of Kilauea volcano based on satellite imagery.

Map of Kilauea volcano, Big Island Hawai'i
Map of Kilauea volcano, Big Island Hawai'i

Kilauea volcano

Shield volcano 1277 m (4,190 ft)
Hawai'i, 19.41°N / -155.29°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5)
Last update: 15 Jan 2021 (moderate earthquake in Kaʻū district; the effusive eruption of the volcano continues)
Haleamaumau crater in the center of the Kilauea caldera - the heart of Kilauea volcano

Kilauea is the youngest and most active Hawaiian shield volcano, located on the southern part of the Island of Hawai'i, known as Big Island. Hawai'i is the southernmost and largest of the island chain, which owes its existence to the very active Hawaiian hot spot.
Kilauea volcano is near-constantly erupting from vents either on its summit (caldera) or on the rift zones. At present, Kilauea volcano is still having one of the most long-lived eruptions known on earth, which started in 1983 on the eastern rift zone and has mainly been concentrated at the Pu'u 'O'o vent.

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Typical eruption style: Dominantly effusive since 1790, but ~60% explosive over past ~2500 years.
Kilauea volcano eruptions: Near-continuous eruptions. Since 1960: 1961 (4x), 1962, 1963 (2x), 1965 (2x), 1967-68, 1968 (2x), 1969, 1969-74, 1971 (2x), 1973 (2x), 1974 (3x), 1975, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1982 (2x), 1983-2018 (incl. 1986, 1992, 1997, 2007, 2011 (3x)), 2018 (lower east rift zone in Leilani subdivision), 2020 (Dec) - ongoing

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Tue, 19 Jan 2021 (GMT)
18 Jan 2021 9:06 pm (GMT -10) (19 Jan 2021 07:06:00 GMT)
2.1

3 km - More
10.7 km11 Km SSE of Volcano, Hawaii, USA
18 Jan 2021 8:57 pm (GMT -10) (19 Jan 2021 06:57:06 GMT)
1.7

34 km - More
30 km3 Km ESE of Pāhala, Hawaii, USA
18 Jan 2021 8:14 pm (GMT -10) (19 Jan 2021 06:14:30 GMT)
2.3

39 km - More
36 km12 Km SSE of Pāhala, Hawaii, USA
18 Jan 2021 8:12 pm (GMT -10) (19 Jan 2021 06:12:07 GMT)
2.3

40 km - More
39 km9 Km S of Pāhala, Hawaii, USA
18 Jan 2021 8:04 pm (GMT -10) (19 Jan 2021 06:04:10 GMT)
2.2

33 km - More
32 kmNorth Pacific Ocean, 5.1 mi southeast of Pāhala, Hawaii County, USA

Background

Kilauea volcano, a youthful shield volcano, sitting on the south east flank of the massive Mauna Loa shield volcano, is the youngest volcano (on land) of the Hawaiian hot spot and not only the most active volcano of Hawaii but at the same time also the world's active volcano. It has been in near-constant activity since there is oral or written history and it is having an uninterrupted eruption since 1983 (at present at the Pu'u 'O'o vent on the East rift zone).

Its eruptions are prominent in Hawaiian Polynesian legends and written documentation about its activity go back to only 1820s when it started to attract interested visitor from all over the world and bacame one of volcanology's hot spots.

Kilauea has a large summit caldera with a central crater, Halemaumau, which is according to Hawaiian legends the home of the fire goddess Pele. Until 1924, it contained a lava lake. Kilauea has frequent summit and flank lava flow eruptions that are occurring along two elongated rift zones to the south-west and to the east, which extend to the sea on both sides of the volcano. The 3 x 5 km caldera was formed in several stages about 1500 years ago. About 90% of the surface of the basaltic shield volcano is formed of lava flows less than about 1100 years old; 70% of the volcano's surface is younger than 600 years. The long-term eruption from the East rift zone that began in 1983 has produced lava flows covering more than 100 sq km, destroying nearly 200 houses and adding new coastline to the island.

Kilauea Photos

Lava lake inside Kilauea volcano's West Gap crater. The whole crust covering the lake has just been overturned, exposing the red hot glowing interior. hawaii_e7837 (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Lava lake inside Kilauea volcano's West Gap crater. The whole crust covering the lake has just been overturned, exposing the red hot glowing interior. hawaii_e7837 (Photo...
The first lava flows from Kilauea volcano (Hawai'?) to arrive in the coastal plain since March 2011 (5 Dec 2011) (Photo: Philip Ong)
The first lava flows from Kilauea volcano (Hawai'?) to arrive in the coastal plain since March 2011 (5 Dec 2011) (Photo: Philip Ong)
Several effusive vents arranged in a row on top of a dyke, feeding lava flows into Puka Nui collapse pit at Pu'u 'O'o crater, Kilauea volcano. hawaii_e7579.jpg (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Several effusive vents arranged in a row on top of a dyke, feeding lava flows into Puka Nui collapse pit at Pu'u 'O'o crater, Kilauea volcano. hawaii_e7579.jpg (Photo: To...
Fluid pahoehoe lava from Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i (Photo: LaurentLupini)
Fluid pahoehoe lava from Kilauea volcano, Hawai'i (Photo: LaurentLupini)
 



Kilauea volcano tours:
Hawaii - Birthplace of Islands (14 days walking and study tour to Oahu, Kauai, Maui, Hawai'i)
Dream Come True - World Volcano Tour (4-week round-the-world trip to Hawaii - Vanuatu - New Zealand - Indonesia)
Pele´s Fire and Myths (7 days walking tour exploring Kilauea´s historic eruption sites, Hawai'i)


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8

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