St. Wendel region, Saarland: traces of old volcanic activity, impressions Aug 2020
The northeastern Germany's Saarland and adjacient parts of Rheinland-Pfalz are saw very intense volcanic activity in the Permian period, approx. 280 million years ago. Both large-scale magmatic intrusions as well as important volcanic activity on the surface of the back-then desert-like landscapes created important plutonic (intrusive) bodies (such as granites, diorites etc) as well as a vast plateau of lava flows and pyroclastic rocks that covered older sediments (mainly sand- and mudstones).
Today, this layer of magmatic rocks forms a beautiful plateau of small mountains and hills reaching approx. 4-600 m elevation and carved by carved by gentle valleys such as the Nahe valley. The exposed and eroded volcanic and plutonic rocks are rich in a variety of minerals, in particular quartz and agate. Exploration and treatment of these minerals gave rise to an important mineral-cutting industry that flourished for centuries especially in the area around Idar-Oberstein, which became (and in parts still is) a hot-spot for mineral treatment and trade.
During a visit in Aug 2020, Tobias and Tom explored some of the hidden volcanic treasures of the northern Saarland (St. Wendel region).
View to the landscape with Permian sediments around Friesen and St. Wendel. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
The so called andesit rose at the "agate hiking path" near Freisen. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
The end of a lava flow or an lava dome like on Palia Kameni/Sasntorini in Greece? (Photo: Tobias Sch... [info
The famous agate quarry Hellerberg near Freisen. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
The industrial complex at Kusel volcanic quarry (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
View from Hellerberg quarry on the landscape with Permian rocks at St. Wendel. (Photo: Tobias Schorr... [info
Rare butterfly "Russian baer". (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
Table about the volcano of Weiselberg. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
Tom Pfeiffer at an industrial wind energy plant on Hellerberg moutain. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
Tom Pfeiffer on the grounded kuselite rocks. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
Basaltic columns at Weiselberg. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
The former filling of an basaltic vent that created basalt columns. Weiselberg/Germany. (Photo: Tobi... [info
A sample of the local vent filling basalt. Weiselberg/Germany. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
The basaltic columns of the Weiselberg volcanic vent. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
Tom Pfeiffer at the basalt columns of Weiselberg. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
Tom Pfeiffer climbing on the basalt columns of Weiselberg. (Photo: Tobias Schorr) [info
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